Initial reports said seven people were killed in the accident, but police quoted by the BBC said it was “highly likely” that 11 died, although formal identification could not yet be made.
The vintage Hawker Hunter fighter jet crashed onto the A27 road, close to an airport in Shoreham where the airshow was taking place, near the south coast city of Brighton.
All those who died were on the road at the time of the crash, police said, adding that it was possible more bodies might be found overnight and on Sunday. The pilot is in a serious condition in hospital.
The ambulance service said 14 people were treated at the scene, with four taken to hospital.
Video footage posted online showed the plane in the process of executing an acrobatic loop before it hit the ground, causing an explosion which appeared to engulf some cars.
“He’d gone up into a loop and as he was coming out of the loop I just thought, you’re too low, you’re too low, pull up,” the BBC quoted an eyewitness, Stephen Jones, as saying.
“And he flew straight into the ground either on or very close to the A27, which runs past the airport.”
Media reports said the pilot of the plane was pulled from burning wreckage.
The crash happened at around 1:20 pm (1220 GMT). Shoreham Airshow cancelled its event, which was due to run into Sunday.
The Hawker Hunter is a single-seater jet which was developed by Britain in the 1950s.
In a separate incident, seven people were killed when two planes practising for an airshow collided in Slovakia on Thursday. A US Army parachutist died after he was involved in a mid-air collision with another parachutist at a Chicago airshow last Saturday.
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